When joints become painful and tight from misuse or overuse, joint mobilisation can be administered to restore the joints to optimum performance. Joint mobilisation involves the therapist passively moving the joint in such a way that small movements of the bone surfaces occur. The joint may be moved in certain directions at varying speeds with the goal of regaining movement in it. Joint mobilisation treatment can loosen tight muscles and ligaments, increase space within a joint capsule and significantly improve the level of mobility within a joint.
An example of this would be a person with a hip restriction. Joint mobilisation of the hip will improve movement and joint mobility, helping to decrease pelvic rotation and associated lower back pain that may be occurring during walking or running.